Get all global objects of an expression

findGlobals(
  expr,
  envir = parent.frame(),
  ...,
  attributes = TRUE,
  tweak = NULL,
  dotdotdot = c("warning", "error", "return", "ignore"),
  method = c("ordered", "conservative", "liberal"),
  substitute = FALSE,
  unlist = TRUE,
  trace = FALSE
)

globalsOf(
  expr,
  envir = parent.frame(),
  ...,
  method = c("ordered", "conservative", "liberal"),
  tweak = NULL,
  locals = NA,
  substitute = FALSE,
  mustExist = TRUE,
  unlist = TRUE,
  recursive = TRUE,
  skip = NULL
)

Arguments

expr

An R expression.

envir

The environment from where to search for globals.

...

Not used.

attributes

If TRUE (default), attributes of `expr` are also searched. If FALSE, they are not. If a character vector, then attributes with matching names are searched. Note, the attributes of the attributes elements are not searched, that is, attributes are not searched recursively. Also, attributes are searched with `dotdotdot = "ignore".

tweak

An optional function that takes an expression and returns a tweaked expression.

dotdotdot

TBD.

method

A character string specifying what type of search algorithm to use.

substitute

If TRUE, the expression is substitute():ed, otherwise not.

unlist

If TRUE, a list of unique objects is returned. If FALSE, a list of length(expr) sublists.

trace

TBD.

locals

Should globals part of any "local" environment of a function be included or not?

mustExist

If TRUE, an error is thrown if the object of the identified global cannot be located. Otherwise, the global is not returned.

recursive

If TRUE, globals that are closures (functions) and that exist outside of namespaces ("packages"), will be recursively scanned for globals.

skip

(internal) A list of globals not to be searched for additional globals. Ignored unless recursive is TRUE.

Value

findGlobals() returns a character vector.

globalsOf() returns a Globals object.

Details

There currently three strategies for identifying global objects.

The method = "ordered" search method identifies globals such that a global variable preceding a local variable with the same name is not dropped (which the "conservative" method would).

The method = "conservative" search method tries to keep the number of false positive to a minimum, i.e. the identified objects are most likely true global objects. At the same time, there is a risk that some true globals are not identified (see example). This search method returns the exact same result as the findGlobals() function of the codetools package.

The method = "liberal" search method tries to keep the true-positive ratio as high as possible, i.e. the true globals are most likely among the identified ones. At the same time, there is a risk that some false positives are also identified.

With recursive = TRUE, globals part of locally defined functions will also be found, otherwise not.

See also

Internally, the codetools package is utilized for code inspections.

Examples

b <- 2
expr <- substitute({ a <- b; b <- 1 })

## Will _not_ identify 'b' (because it's also a local)
globalsC <- globalsOf(expr, method = "conservative")
#> Error: bad assignment: ‘2 <- 1’
print(globalsC)
#> Error in print(globalsC): object 'globalsC' not found

## Will identify 'b'
globalsL <- globalsOf(expr, method = "liberal")
#> Error: bad assignment: ‘2 <- 1’
print(globalsL)
#> Error in print(globalsL): object 'globalsL' not found